These are a direct replacement for the popular 7805 linear regulator. Unlike a 7805, these are a switchmode device and generate very little heat when running, so they can be used in places where a heat generating linear regulator can't.
Input voltage range is 7 to 36 volts DC and output current is 1.5 amps maximum. They measure 10.4mm x 16.5mm x 7.6mm, around the same size as a 7805!
The devices are made by Murata Power Solutions, part number OKI-78SR-5/1.5-W36-C. Datasheet is here.